Considering the millions of people that work at a construction site across a country, the number of fatal accidents that might occur is high. Here are 4 things you need to know about the safety and hazards at such work areas.
1. Electrical and mechanical defaults
There are so many cases where fatalities have occurred due to a slight break down or turn off in a machine. Due to such situations, the worker might find himself doing something when the machine goes off. It might end up in a fall and electrical shock or serious injury to a body part.
To avoid this, all electrical appliances and machinery must be grounded properly unless they are all of the double insulated kind. Avoid using multiple plug adapters. All of the machines and equipment used at the site need to be assessed prior to the start of the project and if it is an intensive one, in between the work as well.
2. Falling from heights
This has to be the incident with the greatest number of fatalities in a year. The reasons for this are unstable work places, machine faults, careless work and workers and also a tampering of the machine. This might include ladders, cranes, staircases, construction material etc.
To avoid such mishaps, the work management must use safety net systems, work at height auditing systems, personal fall arrest systems. Amongst these, the worker himself must use safety gear and ensure that he is ready to work at such heights.
3. Chemical hazards
Some construction sites may use material that is harmful due to the chemical substances in them. These chemicals might cause burns, respiratory diseases, cancers, skin damaging and even heart problems. The management must have a good knowledge about alternatives that are used instead of the harmful ones. Similar to work at height auditing systems, maintaining a material safety data sheet (MSDS) and providing this knowledge to workers is also useful. Simple things like storing chemicals in a safe manner and training employees in correct methods of using and cleaning these will also reduce the number of injuries in this area.
4. Avoiding safety gear and equipment
One of the most careless reasons as to why injuries are caused is due to the avoidance of the safety material and gears that is provided to workers. There are also situations where such items are not supplied to the workers and their lack of knowledge finds them avoiding such equipment.
Heads must be protected with hard hats that may avoid any serious damages. Gloves that are oa good fit and heavy duty rubber must be worn. Safety glasses and face shields are a must when doing work such as welding, working with concrete, grinding or cutting.